Southern AG Triple Action Neem Oil can be used on indoor, outdoor ornamental flowering plants, trees, shrubs, foliage, vegetables, fruits, nuts and landscapes. It controls as a fungicide powdery mildew, black spot, downy mildew, anthracnose, rust, leaf spot, botrytis, needle rust, scab and flower, twig, tip blight, and alternia. And as an insecticide, miticide aphids, spider mites, scale, whiteflies, beetles, leafrollers, and other insect pests. Mix 1 oz. per gallon of water. Thoroughly mix solution and spray all plant surfaces (including undersides of leaves) until wet.